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What's in a Local Area Network (LAN)?
A Local Area Network consists of cables, access points, switches, routers, and other components that enable devices to connect to internal servers, web servers, and other local networks over wide area networks.
The advent of virtualization has also enhanced the development of Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs), which allow network administrators to logically segment their network infrastructure without the need for significant changes to the underlying infrastructure.
For example, in an office with multiple departments, such as accounting, IT support, and management, the computers of each department can be logically connected to the same switch but segmented to behave as if they are separate.